Whilst the terms ‘climate change’ and ‘global warming’ are now frequently heard in a number of contexts, whether that be in a professional environment, the classroom, or in your Facebook newsfeed, it can sometimes be difficult to understand why such notions are so alarming – the opportunist may just see these changes as an excuse to flaunt their favourite t-shirt for a few more days a year. However, the ramifications of climate change go far beyond a jacket collecting more dust in your wardrobe. Changes in climate induced by a warming planet are anticipated to spark challenges in social, economic, and political conditions across the globe, particularly within the ASEAN region. In light of this, as a simple game theory model suggests, collaboration of partners within ASEAN, although not always perceived as the easiest and most lucrative path in the short-term, will ultimately be the most rewarding approach, and will play an essential role in harnessing future regional stability and prosperity.
Social science has a central position and power to understand social problems, organize the bureaucracy, organize the economy, regulate policies and public communications in support of community life both in regional and global. The problems of social imbalances, multiculturalism, religiosity, racial intolerance, marginalities, practical politics, human trafficking , regional and global power relations, migrant workers, and social aspects of disaster need clear social-humanities academics to understand and provide referrals to policy makers (quoted from Terms of Reference).
The problem is that Indonesia as a developing country still desperately needs help from experts and scientists to do development, especially in the field of physical infrastructure, the ones that are seen to be more able to give practical contribution to society. Without realizing it, the government requires development in physical form and ignores the social infrastructure. Thus, the more days pass, social science seemed increasingly disregarded. It indicates that the government has not looked further into contribution of social-humanities sciences based research.
Center for Southeast Asian Social Studies (CESASS) UGM, supported by Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, as the Center of Science and Technology in the social field must surely question the waiver of this social sciences. Thus, CESASS invited social scientists to discuss their own discipline and even cross the boundaries of their discipline to attend Series Discussion II titled “Social Sciences: Its Roles and Challenges” (13/02/2018). Prof. Sjafri Sairin & Prof. Djoko Suryo, the head of CESASS, Dr. Phil Hermin Indah Wahyuni, along with other researchers from CESASS namely Muhadi Sugiono, M.A., Dr. Phil. Vissia Ita Yulianto, Putu Yogi Paramitha, M.H., Fatkurrohman, M.Si, and two students of the doctoral program of Department of Public Policy and Management UGM discussed the social science roles and challenges in this era.
The word ‘transgender’ may be familiar to our ears. This word meant in this article means people who have gender identity or gender expression that is different from the gender they had at birth, from woman to man, or vice versa.
Southeast Asia is one area where religion is the most considered factor, so transgender is often considered to be against the norm. Not infrequently in Southeast Asia, transgender gets discriminated, especially to enjoy a decent life. In fact, they are often forcibly evicted, fired, and so on. In fact, transgender is a human being and a citizen who has human rights. In addition, it must always be remembered that the state is obliged to provide protection to its citizens, without exception. Thus, we need to highlight this transgender phenomenon.
Pasung is the traditional practice of dealing with people with psychological disorders, or those perceived as such. It consists of binding people, often with chains, and locking them in small rooms, cages or sheds. It can last anywhere from a few hours up to many years. Although it was banned in Indonesia in 1977, it is practiced to this day, especially in rural areas.
I must admit that when I heard about pasung for the first time I was quite shocked. It was the cruelty and callousness of people that struck me most. However, the documentary film Breaking the Chains, released in 2015, made me look at the issue from a wider perspective. Its creators did not focus on how brutal people who condemn their loved ones to such fate are, but rather showed how complex their situation is, that is how many elements affect the decision to take such a step.
As a form of reciprocity towards the process of exchanging knowledge and joint publication, the research team of Centre for Southeast Asian Social Studies (CESASS) Universitas Gadjah Mada visited Germany from the 25th November 2017 till the 8th December 2017. The visit was a response visit, as 2 German professors had initially made a visit, Prof. Thomas Hanitzsch (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitӓt Müchen) and Prof. Judith Schlehe (Albert-Ludwigs University of Freiburg), whom were the visiting professors for the World Class Professor (WCP) program by Kemenristekdikti.
In the 12th Jogja-Netpac Asian Film Festival 2017, JAFF collaborated with Centre for Southeast Asian Social Studies (CESASS) Universitas Gadjah Mada to present the “Public Lecture” program. This year’s Public Lecture was special as it included research poster presentations regarding cinemas in Asia which was organized by CESASS UGM. The results, 9 presenters were chosen from Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines that took part in the event.
This Public Lecture program was conducted from the 4th till the 6th of December 2017, at the 2nd Floor Seminar Room in the UGM’s main library. Consisted of six sessions spread throughout the three-days event, which comprised of the; seminar, discussion, book launching, and research poster presentations. The themes discussed within the forum is in line with this year’s theme “Fluidity” taking the example of “Film and Art Performance”, “Indonesian Film Audience”, “Asia Pacific in the Digital World”, “Distribution and Film Funding”, “ASEAN Identity in the Short Films”, and discussion about the book of Film, Ideology and Military written by Budi Irwanto and Cultural Specificity in Indonesian Film: Unity in Diversity written by David Hanan
Knowledge of all sort should not only be passed from universities to the public, but should too be shared between universities as so to learn from one another in order to enhance the capacity and capability as an institution. As the only leading center of excellence (Pusat Unggulan Ipteks Perguruan Tinggi – PUI-PT) in the aspect of social sciences, Centre of Southeast Asian Social Studies (CESASS) Universitas Gadjah Mada received a visit from a representative of Universitas Negeri Malang (UM), Mr. Arda Purnama Putra, M. Pd. The purpose of his visit to CESASS UGM is to study the management of PUI-PT.
Notwithstanding the constant efforts to tackle Trafficking in Persons, this form of modern slavery is still widespread in Southeast Asia where all the countries in the region are country of origin, destination or both. It is often argued that strategies to combat trafficking have been focusing more on law enforcement and assistance to victims rather than on prevention, hindering the ability of governments to have a significant impact on the issue. In order to eradicate Trafficking in Persons, a more comprehensive approach is needed and prevention strategies should be prioritised.
In the digital era, invasion of fake news and hoax are densely correlated with political interest which has caused uneasiness towards journalist scholars. At this time, the study of investigative journalism becomes suitable to be further discussed in order to asses the ability of the media to criticize in facing fake news and hoax which has spread widely in the media. Such circumstance has caused problem towards journalist activities in this Post-Truth era. Post-Truth era is a phase where the spread of news which seems true, yet it is actually not. In the year 2016, the term Post-Truth became the words of the year by Oxford Dictionary.
Corruption is one of the crucial issues faced by many countries in this world, without exception to the countries in the Southeast Asian region. According to the Transparency International in 2016, countries in the Southeast Asian region still have high Corruption Perception Index (CPI) as follows; Cambodia (156), Laos (123), Vietnam (113), Philippines, Thailand and East Timor (101), with Indonesia (90), while Brunei (41), and Malaysia (55) are considered to be satisfactory. Only Singapore (7), is the only country in the Southeast Asian region with the best CPI and is included in the Top 10 globally.